A groundbreaking 3D digitization project has led to the creation of a digital copy of the mummy Neswaiu from Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm, Sweden. The result carried out by Interactive Institute Swedish ICT, Autodesk and CMIV is now presented in a new exhibition where the visitors can unwrap and explore the mummy using an interactive touch table. For the first time ever, visitors will be able to hold a 3D printed copy of a golden amulet that the embalmers placed under the layers of wrapping more than 2300 year ago to protect Neswaiu on his journey through the underworld.
This breakthrough could lead to understanding of Node Localizability of Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks, and determining the location of a device either through manual configuration, which may not be feasible for large- scale deployments or mobile systems or stationary systems
I have illustrated in a 3D video the challenges of WSN as related to sensing and communication in Hazardous place. ( See 3D Sensing and Deployment in Hazardous Places.) Therefore, the need to have a random deployment of nodes in a 3-D region could help with the security approach of wireless sensor network nodes. It could also lead to architecture and methods for Innovative Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network applications that optimises the wireless sensor network lifetime in a heterogenous network with mobile nodes that adopts a multihop routine scheme.
“With this project we hope to inspire museums to work with 3D digitization, interactive visualization and 3D printing to make their collections accessible in a new way. In this project we worked with mummies, but the same methods could be used on large variety of objects, such as natural history objects and other historical artifacts.” – Thomas Rydell, Interactive Institute Swedish ICT at Visualization Center C in Norrköping.
According to the report, 3D digitization, modeling and interactive visualization create endless possibilities for museums where the technology can be used for research and education, preservation of collections and to create new visitor experiences. Data from the CT scanning and the 3D surface scanning have been combined in Inside Explorer – an interactive visualization touch table developed by Interactive Institute Swedish ICT. Inside Explorer creates a photorealistic digital representation of the mummy that allows the visitors to explore all the layers of the mummy both inside and out- from the small carvings on the sarcophagus to the anatomy – as well as the artifacts wrapped together with the body.
“Our new exhibition focuses on the human aspect, while also offering new perspectives on Egypt”, explains Sofia Häggman, Director of Medelhavsmuseet. “3D digitization technology enables us to describe the health and fate of individuals, as well as ancient Egyptians’ beliefs about the afterlife.”
The mummy has been captured digitally in 3D using a combination of dual energy Computer Tomography (CT) and 3D photogrammetry using the Autodesk ReCap solution, resulting in a complete 3D model of the mummy, not just for the outside but also on the inside. By using a combination of modern 3D scanning and printing technology with traditional metal casting, it has been possible to recreate the amulet without disturbing the mummy, and once again let the amulet take physical form.
This 3D digitization project is a part of “Projektarena IVM” and is part-financed by the European Regional Development Fund.